Kipovets: what is this profession
The task of the adjuster and the instrumentation and control engineer is to make sure that all instrumentation and automatic systems of the enterprise work like a Swiss watch and are reliable like a Swiss bank.
Average salary: 43,000 rubles per month
Demand 45% Payability 43% Competition 27% Entry barrier 48% Perspectives 35% Kipovets in common parlance is a specialist who installs and maintains control and measuring devices and automatic systems. ContentDescription of the professionWhat specialties are better to studyUniversities for trainingResponsibilities at workWho suitsHow much getHow to build a careerProfession prospectsRelated VideosComments
Description of the profession
Let’s figure out who the Kipovite is and what he does. In fact, this is the collective name of the profession, which combines three separate specialties related to instrumentation and automation at once: engineer, locksmith and adjuster of instrumentation and automation. Its representatives are in demand at all enterprises where modern technologies are used, supported by automated systems. They ensure the smooth operation of equipment and mechanisms of any complexity. The knowledge they acquire in educational institutions is of a universal nature, which allows them to find a job in various industries.
Kipovtsy can be involved in the launch of a new facility or maintenance of an existing production. They establish automatic lines, dispatch communications, signaling, regulation and control systems, test and commission equipment.
Based on the characteristics and needs of production, different types of instrumentation departments can be created:
Centralized is suitable for enterprises in which the number of measuring equipment and sensors is small. In this case, the repair and maintenance services are brought together under a single leadership, and, if necessary, highly specialized teams are created (electronics engineers, installers, etc.).A decentralized structure is typical of large factories with extensive production. With such a system, the repair of all equipment is provided by a single methodical service (separate), and the technological department is responsible for operation.
The gradation of professionalism of the craftsmen is determined by the Unified Tariff and Qualification Reference Book (ETKS). According to issue 2, the instrumentation adjuster has a plug from 4 to 8 categories, and a locksmith – from 2 to 8 categories, which indicates a higher level of the first.
What specialties are better to study
A Kipovets engineer is a specialist who has received a higher education in one of the following areas of training:
automation of technological processes and production;information and measuring equipment and technologies;electric drive and automation;computer technologies in systems of automatic control of production processes, etc.
Locksmith and adjuster of instrumentation and automation are skilled workers. It is enough for them to have a diploma of a secondary specialized educational institution in one of the profiles:
adjuster (or locksmith) instrumentation;automatic control systems;master of instrumentation and automation.
To enter a university for a specialty related to the maintenance of automatic systems, an applicant must pass the following subjects for the Unified State Exam: Russian language, profile mathematics, computer science, physics. Enrollment in colleges is carried out on the basis of a competition of certificates.
Universities for training
High-quality engineering education is provided by universities in different regions of the country:
MIREA – Russian Technological University (Moscow). Students gain knowledge and skills regarding the automation of production processes. Most of the graduates are employed according to the scheme « university – base department – base enterprise », there is an opportunity to get additional education.The St. Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design at its Institute of Information Technologies and Automation prepares Kipov engineers for the economy of the Northern capital and the region in full-time and part-time format. Students have the opportunity to undergo an internship or pre-diploma practice abroad (in China, Poland, Germany, Finland).Maritime State University named after harrison bergeron hero or criminal essay Admiral GI Nevelskoy (Vladivostok) offers to master the specialty « management in technical systems. » Graduates can apply their knowledge at enterprises in the field of waterways, communications, industry. Among the partners are universities from Australia, China, Japan, Korea and other countries.St. Petersburg Mining University is a powerful university with the country’s largest educational and laboratory base. Here, after graduating from high school, you can get a diploma in the field of « electric drive and automation ». When training Kipov engineers, emphasis is placed on special and general professional subjects, as well as on exact sciences.Tyumen Industrial University trains engineers in instrumentation, diagnostic methods and quality control of oil and gas equipment.
A future locksmith or adjuster of instrumentation and automation can be trained, for example, in the following colleges:
Interregional Competence Center – Cheboksary Electromechanical College. After the 9th grade, they are hired to become a Kipov master. The term of study is 3 years and 10 months.College of Modern Technologies. MF Panova (Moscow) trains instrumentation locksmiths who can service a wide variety of equipment: from equipment for power plants and boiler houses to ATMs.Moscow Technical School of Space Instrumentation, MSTU N.E.Bauman. You can enter the specialty « automatic control systems » after the 9th and 11th grade of the school.The Khimki Technical School of Space Power Engineering of the Rocket and Space Technique branch of the MAI trains personnel for large enterprises such as NPO Energomash, NPO im. Lavochkin, MKB « Fakel ».Kazan Petrochemical College named after V.P. Lushnikov. This is one of the main educational institutions of the Republic of Tatarstan for the training of locksmiths for servicing various automated systems.
After the college, graduates immediately receive the qualification of « technician » and grade 2-3 in ETKS. After that, they can go to work or apply to the university in order to become an engineer. Many technical schools are in the structure or in the orbit of influence of universities, which allows their best students to enter universities on preferential terms.
Responsibilities at work
The functions performed by a Kipovite depend on the specific place of work. His duties are clearly regulated by the job description, drawn up taking into account the requirements of ETKS regarding the qualifications of an employee.
The main tasks of an engineer include:
organization of work to ensure the functioning of equipment;management of teams of specialists and acceptance of work performed;introduction of automated systems;metrological activity;preparation of technical documentation;preparation of prescriptions;planning and control.
The adjusters and locksmiths have their own functions:
diagnostics and adjustment of various simple measuring devices (meters, manometers, voltmeters, ammeters, pressure sensors, etc.);taking and analyzing instrument readings;verification of controlled equipment;testing of complex control systems;determination of defects and their elimination;equipment installation and wiring switching;assembly of devices and devices;filling out passports and certificates for them;preparation of defective statements.
In general, a Kipovite needs to have good knowledge of technology, as well as:
be able to read diagrams and drawings;know the structure of the serviced devices and the peculiarities of their operation;have the skills to use repair tools;understand the methods of setting up measuring systems of varying complexity;have knowledge in materials science, electrical engineering and mechanics;know the rules for preparing the necessary documentation;know programming languages (if necessary).
An engineer, locksmith or adjuster of instrumentation and automation is in demand in the energy, food, processing, metallurgical industry, housing and communal services, oil and gas industry, construction.
For the quality performance of his work, a Kipovets needs to have the following personal characteristics:
technical mindset and spatial imagination;accurate eye, color discrimination and excellent vision;the ability to distribute attention and concentrate;clear coordination of movements;high level of responsibility;accuracy and consistency;willingness to follow instructions clearly.
The advantages of the profession include a good salary and the opportunity to study additionally, replenishing your knowledge base. Cons – a high level of responsibility, constant increased attention and the risk of injury in case of safety violations.
How much get
The income level of a Kipovite depends on the position, rank, enterprise and region. On average in the country, an engineer receives 40-50 thousand rubles, an adjuster – 40-42 thousand, and a locksmith – 35-40 thousand. In Moscow, these figures can be increased by 10-15 percent, and in the remote northern regions, where they work on a rotational basis, companies are ready to pay highly qualified specialists more than 100 thousand rubles. A job as an instrumentation and control equipment adjuster in Transbaikalia and Khakassia can bring a candidate over 200 thousand rubles. True, in the North, you will have to tinker with the instruments, since in conditions of low temperatures they often fail or distort readings.
How to build a career
An instrumentation and control engineer, showing his best qualities, can count on the position of the head of a department or even the metrological service of an enterprise. Fixers and locksmiths, earning seniority and passing certification, increase their rank up to the eighth, which has a positive effect on wages. In order to qualify for leadership positions, they will need to get a higher education in their specialty.
Specialists who know how to maintain control and measuring equipment will be in demand in the labor market in the coming years. The only condition is to keep up with the times, constantly improving their qualifications, taking into account the new products introduced in the industry.
Author: Alexey Kuznetsov